We were taught in schools that How big is the Pacific Ocean and today we will only talk about the Pacific Ocean and you will be surprised to see its vastness. Which has covered almost three-fourth of the Earth’s surface with water.
Readers, although it is only one Ocean that is surrounding all the continents we have given them different names for our ease. These oceans are divided into four different regions. Atlantic, Arctic, Indian, and the Pacific ocean.
Today we will just focus on the Pacific Ocean. Pacific is so big, that if a hole is created on the ocean bottom somewhere between Peru and Chile and digging that hole through the Earth and exit through the opposite end. And that exit point too would be in the Pacific Ocean near Vietnam and Taiwan.
Diametrically opposite spots on Earth’s surface are called antipodes. The Pacific Ocean is so big that it has got a lot of antipodes. But this is just one way to gauge its largeness.
Earth’s circumference is 40,000 km. i.e, an aircraft needs to travel 40,000 km to reach the same spot after encircling the Earth. There are many spots in the Pacific Ocean the distance between them is half the Earth’s circumference. Almost 20,000 km.
This distance between Indonesia and Columbia is considered the longest portion of the Pacific Ocean. Which is 20,000 km. I was also surprised during the research that an entire moon can be fitted inside this region.
Not just one but five moons. Even then also a lot of space will be still left. You can imagine the massiveness of the Pacific Ocean by the fact that we cannot see the entire ocean at once. It is an impossible task to imagine the size of the Pacific Ocean from a ship.
Because our eyes look at the horizon of the Earth and this horizon is curved that is why we couldn’t see far. And that’s the reason we see sky and ocean touching each other, no matter how far we see.
A 6 feet tall person would see only 5 km into the sea. And to look beyond, one needs to climb to a higher place. Even if we see the Pacific Ocean from an aircraft from the height of Mount Everest then also we could see only 370 km of the Pacific Ocean.
That means this much far up to that line. So that was about seeing the Pacific Ocean from aircraft. Even we can’t see the Pacific Ocean in its entirety from the International Space Station which is orbiting 400 km away.
For an estimate let’s use Google Earth, this is Bora Bora island in the Pacific Ocean this is the height from which drone cameras can see. By zooming out, we are seeing what commercial planes flying at a height of 10 km would see.
And if we zoom out more, we would see what International Space Station could see from a distance of 400 km. Still, we are not able to see the entire Pacific ocean. By zooming out we go 10,000 times away.
This is the maximum point to which you can zoom out on Google Earth. And we noticed that even from 63,000 km away, we can see 95% of the Pacific Ocean whereas we can only see 5% of the land.
The Pacific Ocean is spread over an area of 165,200,000 KM² This area is so gigantic that, it can contain the whole of North America, South America, Europe, Africa, Asia, Australia, Antarctica, and Greenland.
So, the total area of the Pacific ocean is 165 Million km² whereas, the combined area of all the land is 140 Million km². That means all the land, mountains, deserts, and forests can be fitted inside the Pacific Ocean.
And even after that, it will have so much area left where eight countries like India can be fitted. You must remember that we are only talking about the Pacific Ocean. Instead of continents let us talk about another planet.
Let’s take the example of our neighboring planet Mars. The total area of Mars is 148 Million KM² If we compare the water in the Pacific Ocean with Mars, then all of Mars with its mountain and crater will get submerged hundreds of feet below the water.
Till now we have talked about the surface of the Pacific Ocean. It is also quite deeper as it is large on the surface. This point is known as Challenge Deep Trench To date, it is the deepest point at the depth of 11 km from the sea surface.
And this is not alone. There are three more trenches in the Pacific ocean its depth is more than 10 km. They are Tonga Trench, Philippine Trench, and Kuril–Kamchatka Trench.
Now let us hear some surprising facts about the Pacific Ocean. 509 years ago a Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan sailed across the Pacific Ocean and he named it the Pacific.
Which meant a peaceful sea. Every year the Pacific Ocean is sinking the main reason behind it is the movement of underwater tectonic plates.
But the good thing is that the more it is shrinking, with the same speed the Atlantic Ocean is increasing. Most earthquakes and tsunamis occur due to the tectonic plates present at the bottom of the Pacific Ocean.
Most active volcanoes are also present at the bottom of the Pacific Ocean. More than 75,000 active volcanoes are present in the Pacific Ocean. And the biggest one is present near New Zealand by the name Havre Seamount.
Pacific tops the chart with the number of islands. There are more than 25,000 Islands present in the Pacific Ocean and thousands of them remain out of human reach. Finding such an island might take more than a month even with Google Earth.
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